Glossary of Terms

Annual Operating Budget
Financial document that projects an organization's income and expenditures for the fiscal year.

Annual Report
A voluntary report issued by an organization that provides financial data and descriptions of agency activities. Annual reports vary in format from simple typewritten documents to detailed publications that provide substantial information about the programs and services offered.

Application (Grant Request)
An online submission accompanied by electronic documents in the form of attachments.

Benchmarks
Standards by which outcomes are measured, such as against best practices in a field, by past performance levels of a particular program, or even against the mission of an organization itself. Benchmarks provide comparative information.

Beneficiaries
The recipients of services.

Building Repair Emergency Fund
A fund available for emergency (not routine) facility repairs; the Foundation will expedite consideration and approval of requests to the extent possible.

Capacity-Building
Refers to activities that strengthen an organization and help it fulfill its mission.

Capital Campaign
A fundraising drive that takes place outside of (and in addition to) annual operating fundraising, usually to raise funds for a facility (or capital project), an endowment, and/or reserves.

Collaborative Initiative
A project undertaken by multiple organizations.

Collective Impact Model
Addressing large-scale social problems by having multiple organizations or agencies focus on one or more clearly-defined goals.

Endowment
An investment fund from which regular withdrawals are made to support an organization’s ongoing operations or other specified purposes.

Evaluation Strategies
The methodology that will be used to measure the success and impact of a particular project or program.

Evidence-Based Practice
A program that has a strong research base supporting its effectiveness. The research usually involves controlled studies and multiple trials. To be deemed an evidence-based practice, a program must undergo a rigorous, systematic evaluation process by authorized, expert review panels and receive the highest of ratings.

Financial Statements
A document prepared annually that summarizes an organization's financial status.

Focus area
One of the specific areas within each funding category that has been designated by the Foundation for awards during any particular time period.

Form 990
The annual information return that all public charities must submit to the IRS each year and which is also filed with appropriate state officials. The form requires information on the charity's assets, income, operating expenses, paid staff and salaries, program areas, etc.

General Operating Support
Funds that cover an organization's day-to-day ongoing expenses, such as salaries, utilities, office supplies, existing program costs, etc.

Grant Request
(See Application)

Guidelines
Documents (and web pages) describing the Foundation's goals, priorities, and procedures for applying for a grant. (Also see Reporting Guidelines.)

In-Kind Contribution
A donation of goods and services rather than cash or appreciated property.

Incremental Costs
The costs associated with the proposed project that are new to the organization.

IRS 501(c)(3)
Section of the Internal Revenue Code that designates an organization as charitable and tax-exempt. Organizations qualifying under this section include religious, educational, charitable, amateur athletic, scientific, or literary groups, organizations testing for public safety, or organizations involved in prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Most organizations seeking foundation or corporate contributions secure a Section 501(c)(3) classification from the Internal Revenue Service.

Leveraging of Funds
When partial support of a project by the Foundation enables the applicant to secure funds from other outside sources as well.

Matching Grant
A grant or gift made with the specification that the amount donated must be matched on a one-for-one basis or according to some other prescribed formula.

Outcomes Measurement
Systematic data gathering and monitoring of prestated, intended consequences of a program or service. Outcomes measurement assesses the outcomes themselves to determine if the desired results have been achieved, and is often considered part of performance measurement and overall program evaluation.

Overall Project Budget
The total amount of money required to complete a project, including in-kind contributions and all other expenditures.

Post-Grant Evaluation
A review of the results of a grant, with the emphasis upon whether or not the grant achieved its desired goal.

Program Evaluation
Systematic process that gathers and assesses information about a program, including performance measures, program implementation, quality, and/or client satisfaction. Program evaluation is inclusive of performance measurement (and outcomes measurement) and answers the "why," "how," and "what" questions regarding an organization's programs and services.

Project Goals
The ultimate results that a project is designed to achieve.

Project Impact
Longer-term, broader effects of a program on a community.

Project Objective
Specific results or effects of a program's activities that must be achieved in pursuing the program's ultimate goals.

Project Outcomes
The specific changes in skills, attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, or level of functioning expected to result from outputs. Outcomes are generally expressed in terms of the number or percentage of individuals expected to demonstrate such changes.

Reporting Guidelines
Foundation guidelines can be downloaded here
 
Rationale

A critical component of a proposal that answers the question, "Why is this project needed?"

RFP
Request for Proposals. The RFP lists project specifications and application procedures.

Site Visit
A visit to an organization at its office location or area of operation and/or meeting with its staff or directors or with recipients of its services. Site visits are used to evaluate proposals, monitor awarded grants, and to determine the efficiency of the project in meeting its stated objectives.

Strategic Plan
A document used by an organization to articulate its mission, priorities, goals, and objectives.

Sustainability
The ability to maintain program services or their benefits after grant funding ends.

Target Population
A specific group of individuals that a particular program or intervention seeks to serve.

Terms of Grant
A legal document that outlines the terms and conditions of the grant and that specifies the program and fiscal reporting requirements.

Total Amount Requested
The total amount of money being requested from the Foundation for the entire grant period. For example, the total amount for a request of $30,000 per year for three years is $90,000.

Type III Supporting Organizations
A supporting organization attains its public charity status due to a close relationship with one or more other public charities, known as supported organizations. Supporting organizations are classified based on the type of relationship that they have with their supported organizations. Type III supporting organizations must be operated in connection with their supported organizations. Generally, Type III supporting organizations have a less close relationship with their supported organizations than other types of supporting organizations have with their supported organizations.

Unsolicited Proposal
A proposal sent to the Foundation outside Foundation guidelines and application procedures.